امروز : جمعه 4 خرداد ماه 1397
ساعت:
پایگاه آموزشی مقابله با مصدومیت - تروما

A prospective study of psychomotor performance of driving among two kinds of shift work in Iran.

A prospective study of psychomotor performance of driving among two kinds of shift work in Iran.

Saadat S1, Karbakhsh M2, Saremi M3, Alimohammadi I4, Ashayeri H5, Fayaz M6, Sadeghian F7, Rostami R8.

Author information
1
MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.
2
MD, PhD of Community Medicine, Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.
3
PhD of Ergonomics, Associate Professor, School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4
PhD of Occupational Health, Associate Professor of Occupational Health, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5
MD, PhD, Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry, Department of Basic Sciences in Rehabilitation, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6
MSc of Biostatistics, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
7
PhD Candidate, Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.
8
Psychiatrist, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract
BACKGROUND AND AIM:
Driving after a night shift imposes a risk on health care professionals and other road users. The aim of this study was to measure psychomotor performance of driving of night shift nurses compared to day-shift nurses.

METHODS:
Forty-seven volunteer female nurses working at Sina hospital in Tehran, Iran, with a call in all departments of hospital, participated in this study (23 night shift and 24 day shift nurses) in 2016. The tests included RT for simple reaction time, ATAVT for perceptual speed, LVT for visual orientation and ZBA for time anticipation. Data collection tools were individual characteristics, 11-item circadian type inventory (CTI), Stanford sleepiness scale (SSS), and Swedish occupational fatigue inventory (SOFI-20) questionnaires. Psychomotor driving performance was assessed using validated computerized traffic psychological battery of Vienna Test System (VTS), before and after the shifts. Data analysis was performed using paired-samples t-test and Linear Regression.

RESULTS:
The mean age of day and night-shift nurses were 31.4±5.6 and 28.7±3.9 years respectively, no significant difference between two groups. Thirty percent of night shift and 16.7% of day shift nurses reported traffic accidents in the past year. The results revealed that, scores based on viewing times in visual orientation test (p=0.005), and median reaction time score in choice reaction time and reactive stress tolerance test (p=0.045), had a significant association with a 12-hour night shift with a 3-hour nap.

CONCLUSIONS:
Twelve-hour night shift work impairs choice reaction time and visual orientation in nurses, even though they take a 3- hour nap during the shift. These skills are required for safe driving.

KEYWORDS:
Driving ability; Night shift; Nurse; Psychomotor test; Reaction time test


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5878038/pdf/epj-10-6417.pdf


 نوشته شده توسط : Admin      در تاريخ : 1397/02/08        ساعت : 23:6     

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